What Causes Pigmentation and What are the Best Ways to Remove It?

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    Uneven skin pigmentation (also known as hyperpigmentation) is a common skin problem. Dark spots, also known as sun spots or age spots, or dark skin patches, often show on your hands, face, and other regions of the body that are exposed to the sun on a regular basis. Luckily,  there are excellent pigmentation removal treatments to help minimize the look of hyperpigmentation.

    What Is Hyperpigmentation And What Are The Different Types?

    Hyperpigmentation shows on your skin as darkening spots or patches make your skin appear uneven. It is also at the core of skin issues like post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma, and these patches are known as sun spots or age spots.

    Pigment Spots

    Exposure to the sun causes pigment patches like age spots. As a result, they’re most commonly found on exposed body regions like the face, neck, hands, arms, and décolleté. Small, darker skin spots are the most common.

    Melasma

    Melasma affects women and men alike, however, it’s more frequent in women and is considered to be triggered by hormonal fluctuations. Melasma, sometimes known as “the mask of pregnancy,” affects 10 to 15 percent of pregnant women and 10 to 25 percent of women who use contraceptive pills.

    Post-inflammatory Pigmentation

    Once a skin trauma or injury heals, there’s a clear spot of discoloration left behind. That’s known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It’s frequent in acne sufferers and is also a side effect of cosmetic treatments like chemical peels and dermabrasion.

    Causes of Hyperpigmentation

    High levels of melanin cause hyperpigmentation. Melanin is a substance found in our hair, eyes, and skin giving them their pigment. Hormonal effects, Sun exposure, aging, and skin inflammation or injuries are just a few of the variables that might cause an increase in the production of melanin.

    Sun Exposure And Hyperpigmentation

    The leading cause of hyperpigmentation is sun exposure since the sunlight initiates melanin production. Melanin protects the skin against damaging UV rays by acting as a natural sunblock, which is the reason why many of us get tanned under the sun. Too much sun exposure, on the other hand, results in hyperpigmentation.

    When dark patches have formed, sun exposure could aggravate the problem by darkening melasma, sun spots (otherwise age spots), and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation patches.

    Hyperpigmentation and Hormones

    The main reason for chloasma or melasma is hormonal fluctuations. It is more frequent in women and is considered to happen when progesterone and estrogen drive melanin overproduction when our skin is exposed to sunlight.

    Some hormone therapies could also cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect.

    Hyperpigmentation, Skin Injuries, And Inflammation

    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation happens after skin inflammation or damage, like burns, cuts, acne breakouts, chemical exposure, Psoriasis, or Atopic Dermatitis. After your wound heals, the skin becomes discolored and darker.

    What Is The Best Pigmentation Removal Treatment?

    Nanosecond (where “nano” refers to a tiny fraction of a second) pulse lasers or Q-switched lasers, were originally regarded as the gold standard in the cosmetic treatments that address different hyperpigmentation types. However, in keeping with the quick pace of technological advancement, these nanosecond pulse lasers have since been replaced with picosecond lasers for pigmentation removal.

    Pico Laser, as the name indicates, radiates the pulses of light to a targeted region at a quicker rate compared to a nanosecond laser, allowing a full treatment session to be completed quicker without having to compromise efficiency — in fact, the quicker pulse rate helps make every session more successful.

    The quick pulse rate and high energy Pico Laser make this laser treatment more effective. As a result, less sessions are necessary to clear up hyperpigmentation, and every treatment passes by faster — meaning minimal residual heat is created, resulting in less discomfort and pain, little skin irritation, and fewer side effects.

    What Causes Pigmentation and What are the Best Ways to Remove It?

    Uneven skin pigmentation (also known as hyperpigmentation) is a common skin problem. Dark spots, also known as sun spots or age spots, or dark skin patches, often show on your hands, face, and other regions of the body that are exposed to the sun on a regular basis. Luckily,  there are excellent pigmentation removal treatments to help minimize the look of hyperpigmentation.

    What Is Hyperpigmentation And What Are The Different Types?

    Hyperpigmentation shows on your skin as darkening spots or patches make your skin appear uneven. It is also at the core of skin issues like post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma, and these patches are known as sun spots or age spots.

    Pigment Spots

    Exposure to the sun causes pigment patches like age spots. As a result, they’re most commonly found on exposed body regions like the face, neck, hands, arms, and décolleté. Small, darker skin spots are the most common.

    Melasma

    Melasma affects women and men alike, however, it’s more frequent in women and is considered to be triggered by hormonal fluctuations. Melasma, sometimes known as “the mask of pregnancy,” affects 10 to 15 percent of pregnant women and 10 to 25 percent of women who use contraceptive pills.

    Post-inflammatory Pigmentation

    Once a skin trauma or injury heals, there’s a clear spot of discoloration left behind. That’s known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It’s frequent in acne sufferers and is also a side effect of cosmetic treatments like chemical peels and dermabrasion.

    Causes of Hyperpigmentation

    High levels of melanin cause hyperpigmentation. Melanin is a substance found in our hair, eyes, and skin giving them their pigment. Hormonal effects, Sun exposure, aging, and skin inflammation or injuries are just a few of the variables that might cause an increase in the production of melanin.

    Sun Exposure And Hyperpigmentation

    The leading cause of hyperpigmentation is sun exposure since the sunlight initiates melanin production. Melanin protects the skin against damaging UV rays by acting as a natural sunblock, which is the reason why many of us get tanned under the sun. Too much sun exposure, on the other hand, results in hyperpigmentation.

    When dark patches have formed, sun exposure could aggravate the problem by darkening melasma, sun spots (otherwise age spots), and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation patches.

    Hyperpigmentation and Hormones

    The main reason for chloasma or melasma is hormonal fluctuations. It is more frequent in women and is considered to happen when progesterone and estrogen drive melanin overproduction when our skin is exposed to sunlight.

    Some hormone therapies could also cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect.

    Hyperpigmentation, Skin Injuries, And Inflammation

    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation happens after skin inflammation or damage, like burns, cuts, acne breakouts, chemical exposure, Psoriasis, or Atopic Dermatitis. After your wound heals, the skin becomes discolored and darker.

    What Is The Best Pigmentation Removal Treatment?

    Nanosecond (where “nano” refers to a tiny fraction of a second) pulse lasers or Q-switched lasers, were originally regarded as the gold standard in the cosmetic treatments that address different hyperpigmentation types. However, in keeping with the quick pace of technological advancement, these nanosecond pulse lasers have since been replaced with picosecond lasers for pigmentation removal.

    Pico Laser, as the name indicates, radiates the pulses of light to a targeted region at a quicker rate compared to a nanosecond laser, allowing a full treatment session to be completed quicker without having to compromise efficiency — in fact, the quicker pulse rate helps make every session more successful.

    The quick pulse rate and high energy Pico Laser make this laser treatment more effective. As a result, less sessions are necessary to clear up hyperpigmentation, and every treatment passes by faster — meaning minimal residual heat is created, resulting in less discomfort and pain, little skin irritation, and fewer side effects.