Causes of female infertility


Infertility means not being capable of getting pregnant after at least one year of trying (or 6 months if the woman is above 35 age). If a woman keeps having miscarriages, it is also called infertility. Female infertility can occur from age, physical problems, hormone problems, and lifestyle or environmental factors. Getting pregnant and taking a pregnancy to term are very complex processes. Several things can go opposite during these manners to manage infertility. For this purpose, the following list covers only some of the basic principles of infertility in females; it is not meant to be complete. A woman who is having trouble getting pregnant or taking a pregnancy to term should speak with her gynecologist about viable treatments. Dr. Shweta Goswami, one of the best infertility specialist in Noida, says that every woman should be aware about the causes of female infertility and take necessary precautions.

  1. Failure to ovulateThe most popular overall object of female infertility is the failure to ovulate, which happens in 40% of women with infertility issues.

             Not ovulating can happen from several causes, such as:

  • Ovarian or gynecological conditions, such as first ovarian insufficiency (POI) or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Aging, including “diminished ovarian store,” which leads to a low amount of eggs in a woman’s ovaries due to regular aging
  • Endocrine disorders, such as thyroid disease or difficulties in the hypothalamus, which hit the hormones designed by the body so that there might be too much or too small of a hormone or combination of hormones
  • Having high blood pressure replaces the shape of sperm, through decreasing fertility.
  • Between fat women who have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), failing 5% of body weight considerably grows the likelihood of ovulation and pregnancy.
  1. Problems in Menstrual Cycle – Problems in the menstrual cycle, it is the method that prepares the female body for pregnancy, which can lead to infertility. The menstrual cycle involves several phases, and problems at any one of the steps can start to difficulty becoming pregnant or to infertility.

For most women, a healthy menstrual cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days. But, 14% to  25% of women have abnormal menstrual cycles, meaning the cycles are smaller or higher than usual, it is like heavier or lighter than usual; or are encountered with other problems, like abdominal cramps. Abnormal cycles can be ovulatory, meaning that ovulation occurs, or anovulatory, meaning ovulation does not happen.

  • Polymenorrhea (Frequent menstrual periods occurring less than 21 days apart
  • Abnormal menstrual periods with a cycle-to-cycle change of more than 20 days
  • Shortened menstrual bleeding of fewer than 2 days in duration
  • Intermenstrual bleeding: Experiences of bleeding that happen between periods, also known as spotting
  1. Infections – Infections are also a cause of infertility in men and women.

Untreated gonorrhea and chlamydia in women can be raised to pelvic instigative disease, which might create scarring that blocks the fallopian tubes. Untreated syphilis enhances the risk for a pregnant woman to have a stillbirth. Chronic infections in the cervix and medical treatment of cervical injuries associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection can also decrease the amount or kind of cervical mucus. Difficulties with this adhesive or oily substance that collects on the cervix and in the vagina can make it difficult for women to get pregnant.

2. Endometriosis – (en-doe-me-tree-O-sis) is a usually uncomfortable disease in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus.Endometriosis happens when the cells that normally line the uterine cavity, called the endometrium, are found outside the uterus instead. 

A more detailed description of endometriosis can be found at the 

Research has found a link between infertility and endometriosis. Research reveals that between 25% and 50% of infertile women have endometriosis and between 30% and 40% of women with endometriosis are infertile.

Differences in the structure of the female reproductive organs may occur. Endometriosis can produce pelvic adhesions made of scar tissue to form between nearby structures, such as between the ovary and pelvic wall. This can prevent and alter the release of the egg after ovulation. Scarring in the fallopian tube can block the egg’s movement through the fallopian tube.

  1. PCOS – PCOS stands for polycstic Ovary Syndrome, one of the most common problems of female infertility. It is a state in which a woman’s ovaries and, in some instances, adrenal glands create more androgens (a type of hormone) than normal. Large levels of these hormones conflict with the development of ovarian follicles and the release of eggs during ovulation. As a result, fluid-filled sacs, or cysts, can grow within the ovaries. 

Researchers estimate that 5% to 10% of women have PCOS. The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but current analysis suggests that a combination of genetic and environmental factors affects the disease.

To learn more infertility information, please connect with Dr. Shweta Goswami, who is one of the most reputed IVF specialists and one of the best directors of ivf clinic in Noida and Delhi NCR.