When a woman is pregnant, many dynamic processes take place in her body that she may or may not be aware of. Here are 12 things that expectant mothers may not realize are taking place in her body: 1. YOUR BREASTS BECOME TENDER. One of the very first symptoms a woman experiences is very sore breasts. Changes in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone necessary to prepare your breasts to produce milk result in tender, sore breasts. 2. YOUR NIPPLES PROTRUDE. Changes in these hormones can also make your nipples protrude more than usual. In addition, they too can be incredibly tender during this period. 3. YOUR AREOLAS (AREA AROUND THE NIPPLES) GET DARKER AND LARGER. Your areola (the dark around your nipple) can get darker and may actually increase in size. 4. YOU MAY HAVE MORE SALIVA. Although experts do not know the absolute reason for the increase in saliva reported in early pregnancy, we do believe that hormone changes may be the culprits. Women who have nausea with their pregnancy tend to report this sensation more frequently than women who do not experience much nausea with their pregnancy. 5. YOU MAY EXPERIENCE MORE CONSTIPATION. An increase in the levels of the hormone progesterone. The increase in this hormone helps your uterus to relax preventing contractions before labor. The downside is that all your muscles to relax decreasing the amount that your intestines “move” resulting in constipation. 6. YOU ARE AT INCREASED RISK TO GET HEMORRHOIDS. Hemorrhoids are veins located in and around your rectum that can become swollen during pregnancy causing pain and itching. Thankfully, these symptoms tend to resolve after pregnancy. 7. YOU MAY FEEL MORE CONGESTED. Some women experience sinus congestion during pregnancy. The hormone estrogen can cause your mucous membranes located in your nose to swell […]
Depo-Provera (DMPA), sometimes referred to as “the shot” prevents pregnancy by inhibiting ovulation, thickening and decreasing the cervical mucus that will hinder sperm penetration. DMPA is really effective and when used properly (shot in the arm every three months). Your risk of getting pregnant after the shot is only 0.2%. Some of the advantages of using this form of contraception are: 1. EFFECTS ARE REVERSIBLE. Although ovulation may not return for up to 10 months from your last injection, there is no long term harm of using this form of contraception. 2. YOU ARE DONE FOR THREE MONTH! One injection provides contraception for three months. 3. REQUIRES INFREQUENT DOSING. You don’t have to worry about contraception on a daily basis. 4. NO ESTROGEN. Not all women can have estrogen based contraception due to their medical history and this provides a great alternative. 5. ABSENCE OF MENSTRUAL BLEEDING. DMPA causes women to have either very light periods or to not have periods all together. Make sure you are prepared with a list of questions regarding your contraception options at your visit and be prepared to discuss your health history. Your healthcare provider will prescribe the right form of contraception based on your individual needs.